Difference between revisions of "Thevenin Equivalent Resistance"

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=== Short Topical Videos ===
 
=== Short Topical Videos ===
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7c6_C4YkJ7U  Thevnin's Equivalent  - It Works! (by students at U. Utah)]
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* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7c6_C4YkJ7U  Thevenin's Equivalent  - It Works! (by students at U. Utah)]
  
 
=== Reference Material ===
 
=== Reference Material ===
 
* Horowitz & Hill, ''The Art of Electronics, 2nd Ed.'', Ch. 1
 
* Horowitz & Hill, ''The Art of Electronics, 2nd Ed.'', Ch. 1
* [http://http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Th%C3%A9venin's_theorem Thevnin's Theorem (Wikipedia)]
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* [http://http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Th%C3%A9venin's_theorem Thevenin's Theorem (Wikipedia)]
  
  
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\begin{document}
 
\begin{document}
  
\section*{Th\'evnin's Theorem}
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\section*{Th\'evenin's Theorem}
  
 
\begin{figure}
 
\begin{figure}
 
\includegraphics[width=2in]{thevnin_equiv.png}
 
\includegraphics[width=2in]{thevnin_equiv.png}
\caption{Using a Th\'evnin equivalent circuit to model the behavior of a black-box circuit, from the point of view of the two terminals, A and B}
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\caption{Using a Th\'evenin equivalent circuit to model the behavior of a black-box circuit, from the point of view of the two terminals, A and B}
 
\end{figure}
 
\end{figure}
  
Th\'evnin's Theorem is a life-saver when you start chaining circuits together.  It says that however complex your circuit involving currents, voltages, resistors, capacitors, inductors, etc., it can all be modeled from the point of view of two output or input terminals as a single voltage and a single series impedance (if you haven't see impedances discussed yet, just read "resistance" where "impedance" is used).  This is incredible, because it means that you can completely describe the impact on your circuit of any upstream or downstream electronics just by using these two quantities: the equivalent voltage, and the equivalent impedance.
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Th\'evenin's Theorem is a life-saver when you start chaining circuits together.  It says that however complex your circuit involving currents, voltages, resistors, capacitors, inductors, etc., it can all be modeled from the point of view of two output or input terminals as a single voltage and a single series impedance (if you haven't seen impedances discussed yet, just read "resistance" where "impedance" is used).  This is incredible, because it means that you can completely describe the impact on your circuit of any upstream or downstream electronics just by using these two quantities: the equivalent voltage, and the equivalent impedance.
  
If you just accept this as true (and it is!), then calculating these quantities is easy.  First, for two terminals A and B, calculate or measure the voltage between them if you leave them unconnected.  This is the Th\'evnin equivalent voltage, or $V_{th}$.  Next, calculate or measure the current that flows between A and B if you connect them with a wire.    (Warning, if you are measuring, you might want to put a resistor in series before you blow your fuse!)  If you are considering complex impedances, you'll have to measure current as a function of frequency.  Using Ohm's Law, you then have your Th\'evnin equivalent impedance, or $Z_{th}$ (or $R_{th}$ if we are just considering resistance).  Done!
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If you just accept this as true (and it is!), then calculating these quantities is easy.  First, for two terminals A and B, calculate or measure the voltage between them if you leave them unconnected.  This is the Th\'evenin equivalent voltage, or $V_{th}$.  Next, calculate or measure the current that flows between A and B if you connect them with a wire.    (Warning, if you are measuring, you might want to put a resistor in series before you blow your fuse!)  If you are considering complex impedances, you'll have to measure current as a function of frequency.  Using Ohm's Law, you then have your Th\'evenin equivalent impedance, or $Z_{th}$ (or $R_{th}$ if we are just considering resistance).  Done!
  
 
</latex>
 
</latex>

Latest revision as of 10:06, 18 January 2014

Short Topical Videos[edit]

Reference Material[edit]


Thévenin’s Theorem

Thevnin equiv.png


Using a Thévenin equivalent circuit to model the behavior of a black-box circuit, from the point of view of the two terminals, A and B

Thévenin’s Theorem is a life-saver when you start chaining circuits together. It says that however complex your circuit involving currents, voltages, resistors, capacitors, inductors, etc., it can all be modeled from the point of view of two output or input terminals as a single voltage and a single series impedance (if you haven’t seen impedances discussed yet, just read "resistance" where "impedance" is used). This is incredible, because it means that you can completely describe the impact on your circuit of any upstream or downstream electronics just by using these two quantities: the equivalent voltage, and the equivalent impedance.

If you just accept this as true (and it is!), then calculating these quantities is easy. First, for two terminals A and B, calculate or measure the voltage between them if you leave them unconnected. This is the Thévenin equivalent voltage, or . Next, calculate or measure the current that flows between A and B if you connect them with a wire. (Warning, if you are measuring, you might want to put a resistor in series before you blow your fuse!) If you are considering complex impedances, you’ll have to measure current as a function of frequency. Using Ohm’s Law, you then have your Thévenin equivalent impedance, or (or if we are just considering resistance). Done!