Difference between revisions of "Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology"

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Elements of general relativity. Physics of pulsars, cosmic rays, black holes. The cosmological distance scale, elementary cosmological models, properties of galaxies and quasars. The mass density and age of the universe. Evidence for dark matter and dark energy and concepts of the early universe and of galaxy formation. Reflections on astrophysics as a probe of the extrema of physics.
 
Elements of general relativity. Physics of pulsars, cosmic rays, black holes. The cosmological distance scale, elementary cosmological models, properties of galaxies and quasars. The mass density and age of the universe. Evidence for dark matter and dark energy and concepts of the early universe and of galaxy formation. Reflections on astrophysics as a probe of the extrema of physics.
  
=== Class Repository ===
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=== Logistics ===
[http://github.com/AaronParsons/astro161 http://github.com/AaronParsons/astro161]
+
* [https://github.com/AaronParsons/astro161/blob/master/syllabus.docx Syllabus]
 
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* Class Repository: [http://github.com/AaronParsons/astro161 http://github.com/AaronParsons/astro161]
=== Texts and References ===
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* [https://bcourses.berkeley.edu/courses/14158119 C161 on BCourses]
* Main Text: Liddle, [http://poincare.matf.bg.ac.rs/~zarkom/Book_Astro__Liddle_Introduction_to_Modern_Cosmology.pdf '''An Introduction to Modern Cosmology''']
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* Main Text: Ryden, "Introduction to Cosmology" 2nd Ed. ([http://atlas.physics.arizona.edu/~kjohns/downloads/lsst/Ryden_IntroCosmo.pdf The 1st Ed.] is good, but out of date.)
  
 
== Topics by Date ==
 
== Topics by Date ==
  
=== The Smooth Universe ===
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====Lecture 1: The Cosmological Principle; Hubble parameter H; scale factor a [Ch 1,2]====
 
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* Topics
====(Tu, Jan. 19) The Cosmological Principle; Hubble parameter H; scale factor a [Ch 1,2]====
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** [[Cosmological Principle]], intro to our universe
* intro to our universe
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** [[Hubble's Law and Scale Factors]]
 +
** [[Lorentz transformations]]
 
* class mechanics
 
* class mechanics
 
** syllabus
 
** syllabus
** references
 
*** Liddle
 
*** Astrobaki
 
 
** tools for figuring stuff out
 
** tools for figuring stuff out
 
*** theoretical derivation
 
*** theoretical derivation
 
*** order-of-magnitude estimation
 
*** order-of-magnitude estimation
 
*** physical intuition (hands-on modeling, analogies)
 
*** physical intuition (hands-on modeling, analogies)
*** numerical simulation
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*** numerical simulation/programming
** programming
 
*** [[Python Installation and Basic Programming]]
 
* Activities
 
** collaborative map of our universe
 
** astrobaki
 
  
====Friedmann equation; equation of state; radiation, matter, dark energy [Ch 3,4,5]====
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====Lecture 2: Friedmann equation; equation of state; radiation, matter, dark energy [Ch 3, 4]====
  
====Density parameter Omega; open, flat, closed cosmological models [Ch 6]====
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* Topics
 +
** [[General Relativity Primer]]
 +
** [[Friedmann Equation]]
  
==== Time evolution of H, Omega, and a [Ch 7] ====
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====Density parameter Omega; open, flat, closed cosmological models [Ch 3, 4]====
 +
 
 +
* Topics
 +
** [[Fluid and Acceleration Equations]]
 +
** [[Spatial Curvature]]
 +
** [[Equations of State]]
 +
 
 +
==== Time evolution of H, Omega, and a [Ch 5] ====
 +
* Topics
 +
** [[Solutions to the Friedmann Equation]]
 +
** [[Equations of State]]
  
 
==== Rudiments of general relativity; the Robertson-Walker metric [Ch 8, A1]====
 
==== Rudiments of general relativity; the Robertson-Walker metric [Ch 8, A1]====
 +
 +
* Topics
 +
** [[Age of the Universe]]
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** [[Two Component Universe]]
  
 
==== Basic kinematic properties: distance-redshift, time-redshift, age, angular sizes [A2]====
 
==== Basic kinematic properties: distance-redshift, time-redshift, age, angular sizes [A2]====
  
 +
* Topics
 +
** [[Robertson Walker metric]]
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** [[Comoving Radial Distance]]
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** [[Angular Diameter Distance]]
  
=== The Bright Side===
 
  
 
==== The Planck mass; the ugliest number in physics====
 
==== The Planck mass; the ugliest number in physics====
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==== Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: helium, deuterium, lithium, baryon-to-photon ratio [Ch 12]====
 
==== Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: helium, deuterium, lithium, baryon-to-photon ratio [Ch 12]====
  
 
=== The Dark Side====
 
  
 
==== Evidence for dark matter [Ch 9]====
 
==== Evidence for dark matter [Ch 9]====
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==== What can they be?====
 
==== What can they be?====
  
 
=== The Lumpy Universe===
 
  
 
==== Gravitational instability in a static universe====
 
==== Gravitational instability in a static universe====
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==== Photon-baryon scattering physics; the cosmic microwave background [Ch 10, A5]====
 
==== Photon-baryon scattering physics; the cosmic microwave background [Ch 10, A5]====
  
 
=== The Baby Universe===
 
  
 
====  Successes of the standard Big Bang model [Ch 11]====
 
====  Successes of the standard Big Bang model [Ch 11]====
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====How to fix it? Inflation====
 
====How to fix it? Inflation====
  
 
=== Black Holes===
 
  
 
==== Supermassive black holes at centers of galaxies 6.2 Gravity waves: sources: binary black holes====
 
==== Supermassive black holes at centers of galaxies 6.2 Gravity waves: sources: binary black holes====

Latest revision as of 14:22, 26 January 2017

Elements of general relativity. Physics of pulsars, cosmic rays, black holes. The cosmological distance scale, elementary cosmological models, properties of galaxies and quasars. The mass density and age of the universe. Evidence for dark matter and dark energy and concepts of the early universe and of galaxy formation. Reflections on astrophysics as a probe of the extrema of physics.

Logistics[edit]

Topics by Date[edit]

Lecture 1: The Cosmological Principle; Hubble parameter H; scale factor a [Ch 1,2][edit]

Lecture 2: Friedmann equation; equation of state; radiation, matter, dark energy [Ch 3, 4][edit]

Density parameter Omega; open, flat, closed cosmological models [Ch 3, 4][edit]

Time evolution of H, Omega, and a [Ch 5][edit]

Rudiments of general relativity; the Robertson-Walker metric [Ch 8, A1][edit]

Basic kinematic properties: distance-redshift, time-redshift, age, angular sizes [A2][edit]


The Planck mass; the ugliest number in physics[edit]

Thermodynamics of Fermi and Bose gases in an expanding universe[edit]

The longest 3 minutes of your life[edit]

Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: helium, deuterium, lithium, baryon-to-photon ratio [Ch 12][edit]

Evidence for dark matter [Ch 9][edit]

Evidence for dark energy[edit]

Two dark matter problems: baryonic vs non-baryonic[edit]

What can they be?[edit]

Gravitational instability in a static universe[edit]

Gravitational instability in an expanding universe[edit]

Growth of cosmic structures[edit]

Photon-baryon scattering physics; the cosmic microwave background [Ch 10, A5][edit]

Successes of the standard Big Bang model [Ch 11][edit]

Problems of the standard Big Bang model [Ch 13][edit]

How to fix it? Inflation[edit]

Supermassive black holes at centers of galaxies 6.2 Gravity waves: sources: binary black holes[edit]

Gravity waves: detection[edit]

Selected Topics (student presentations)[edit]