Difference between revisions of "Collisional Excitations"

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[[Radiative Processes in Astrophysics|Course Home]]
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===Short Topical Videos===
 
===Short Topical Videos===
 
* [http://youtu.be/rDNlQ9cgmqM Collisional Excitations (Aaron Parsons)]
 
* [http://youtu.be/rDNlQ9cgmqM Collisional Excitations (Aaron Parsons)]
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* [http://astro.cornell.edu/academics/courses/astro4432/lectures/A4432_09%20(Thermal%20Equilibrium%20II).pdf Thermal Equilibrium II (Herter, Cornell)]
 
* [http://astro.cornell.edu/academics/courses/astro4432/lectures/A4432_09%20(Thermal%20Equilibrium%20II).pdf Thermal Equilibrium II (Herter, Cornell)]
  
===Need a Review?===
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===Need to Review?===
 
* [[Einstein Coefficients]]
 
* [[Einstein Coefficients]]
 
* [[Maxwellian velocity distribution]]
 
* [[Maxwellian velocity distribution]]

Latest revision as of 16:07, 5 December 2017

Course Home

Short Topical Videos[edit]

Reference Material[edit]

Need to Review?[edit]

Related Topics[edit]

Collisional Excitation Cross-sections

The analog of Einstein Coefficients:

So the Rate of Excitations is given by:

Suppose we have some distribution of relative velocities given by , where is the fraction of collisions occurring with relative velocities . Then:

where is the “collisional rate coefficient” . Then the Rate of de-excitation is given by:

We recognize now that is the rate of excitations of A using B moving at relative velocity . If we have Detailed Balance, then this has to be the same as the rate of de-excitation .

Where is the reduced mass . However many are created by collisional excitation, the same number are used for the reverse de-excitation. This is Detailed Balance.

Second, under thermal equilibrium, particles have a Maxwellian velocity distribution:

(Maxwellian velocity distribution) In thermal equilibrium (see Boltzmann distribution),

Now, assuming detailed balance and thermal equilibrium,

This is the analog of the relationship between the Einstein coefficients and .

For a specific case, , ion with bound electron.

More on Einstein Analog

Forgot something for the Einstein Coefficients Analog. Recall:

For the special case of being a Maxwellian velocity distribution, then:

This has a Boltzmann factor, which makes you thing we’re assuming LTE, but we’re not.

Last time, we were talking about electron-ion collisional excitation, given by:

We can extend this for neutral-ion collisional excitation:

where scales as . Notice this means that for some neutral-ion collisional excitation, it is temperature independent. For neutral-neutral collisional excitation:

This is all we’ll talk about bound-bound transitions.